Search Your Topic

config
Friday, 12 May 2017 02:32

Variables and Data Types in Java

Written by
Rate this item
(0 votes)

Variable is a name of memory location. There are three types of variables in java: local, instance and static.

There are two types of data types in java: primitive and non-primitive.


Variable

Variable is name of reserved area allocated in memory. In other words, it is a name of memory location. It is a combination of "vary + able" that means its value can be changed.

variables in java

 
  1. int data=50;//Here data is variable  

Types of Variable

There are three types of variables in java:

  • local variable
  • instance variable
  • static variable

types of variables in java

1) Local Variable

A variable which is declared inside the method is called local variable.

2) Instance Variable

A variable which is declared inside the class but outside the method, is called instance variable . It is not declared as static.

3) Static variable

A variable that is declared as static is called static variable. It cannot be local.

We will have detailed learning of these variables in next chapters.

Example to understand the types of variables in java

 
  1. class A{  
  2. int data=50;//instance variable  
  3. static int m=100;//static variable  
  4. void method(){  
  5. int n=90;//local variable  
  6. }  
  7. }//end of class  

 

Data Types in Java

Data types represent the different values to be stored in the variable. In java, there are two types of data types:

  • Primitive data types
  • Non-primitive data types

datatype in java

Data Type Default Value Default size
boolean false 1 bit
char '\u0000' 2 byte
byte 0 1 byte
short 0 2 byte
int 0 4 byte
long 0L 8 byte
float 0.0f 4 byte
double 0.0d 8 byte

Why char uses 2 byte in java and what is \u0000 ?

It is because java uses Unicode system than ASCII code system. The \u0000 is the lowest range of Unicode system. To get detail explanation about Unicode visit next page.

Java Variable Example: Add Two Numbers

 
  1. class Simple{  
  2. public static void main(String[] args){  
  3. int a=10;  
  4. int b=10;  
  5. int c=a+b;  
  6. System.out.println(c);  
  7. }}  

Output:

20

Java Variable Example: Widening

 
  1. class Simple{  
  2. public static void main(String[] args){  
  3. int a=10;  
  4. float f=a;  
  5. System.out.println(a);  
  6. System.out.println(f);  
  7. }}  

Output:

10
10.0

Java Variable Example: Narrowing (Typecasting)

 
  1. class Simple{  
  2. public static void main(String[] args){  
  3. float f=10.5f;  
  4. //int a=f;//Compile time error  
  5. int a=(int)f;  
  6. System.out.println(f);  
  7. System.out.println(a);  
  8. }}  

Output:

10.5
10

Java Variable Example: Overflow

 
  1. class Simple{  
  2. public static void main(String[] args){  
  3. //Overflow  
  4. int a=130;  
  5. byte b=(byte)a;  
  6. System.out.println(a);  
  7. System.out.println(b);  
  8. }}  

Output:

130
-126

Java Variable Example: Adding Lower Type

 
  1. class Simple{  
  2. public static void main(String[] args){  
  3. byte a=10;  
  4. byte b=10;  
  5. //byte c=a+b;//Compile Time Error: because a+b=20 will be int  
  6. byte c=(byte)(a+b);  
  7. System.out.println(c);  
  8. }}  

Output:

20

 

Read 557 times
Anish Sir

"I am delighted once again to pen the welcome note to the Tosh!Yas Technologies ."

 Call +91 74 88 34 7779  | Email : anishsingh@live.com

toshiyas.in

Leave a comment

Make sure you enter all the required information, indicated by an asterisk (*). HTML code is not allowed.

Java Training

Facebook